Study in the UK
Mystical stone circles, old castle ruins, rugged landscapes and crazy, cosmopolitan metropolises – visitors will find all of this on the largest island in Europe: Great Britain. This consists of the three countries England, Scotland and Wales, each of which has its own culture.
The English are known for their understatement and black humor. In Wales, the Celtic language Cymraeg is the second official language. Scotland is often associated with bagpipe music and such unusual sports as tree trunk throwing. You can experience all of this up close while studying in the UK.
University landscape of Great Britain
According to anycountyprivateschools, Great Britain and especially England is one of the most popular study regions for German students. This is no wonder, after all, England is home to some of the best and most prestigious universities in the world, and Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland also boast traditional university landscapes. In total there are over a hundred universities in the UK, most of which are in England.
In addition to the universities, there are a number of higher education colleges in Great Britain. In contrast to universities, these offer courses with a strong practical relevance. Many colleges specialize in internship courses or a specific subject, but there are also colleges that offer a wide range of courses.
The higher education colleges cannot award academic degrees themselves, but are partly affiliated with universities and can then award academic degrees in cooperation with them.
UK higher education and quality assurance
With a few exceptions, all universities in Great Britain are state-owned. Due to their sometimes very long history, they decide autonomously about the admission of students or the content of the curricula. An exception is teacher training, which, like in Germany, is state-regulated.
Funding is given primarily to the well-known research universities, which include Oxford and Cambridge, for example, the University of Bristol, Newcastle University and the University of Birmingham.
The good international reputation of British universities results from their high quality teaching. Many British universities employ twice as many teaching staff as similarly large universities in Germany. Accordingly, the courses are small and the universities offer a much more comprehensive service than in Germany. Students receive tutors who are on hand to advise them. The secretariat and the teaching staff are almost always there for the students.
Another quality of British universities lies in their internationality: more than ten percent of the students in the bachelor’s degree come from abroad. In the case of postgraduate programs in England and Wales, such as a Masters, MBA or LLM, almost a third of the student body is made up of international students. They are coming to the UK to earn an internationally recognized degree and to perfect their English.
Study system in the UK
The study system in the UK is divided into an undergraduate section and a postgraduate section.
Bachelor’s degree in Great Britain
In the first phase of study, students acquire a bachelor’s degree. The bachelor’s degree takes three years in England and Wales. Up to four years in Scotland. Traditionally, the academic year in Great Britain is divided into three trimesters (terms). In the course of increasing internationalization, some universities have now introduced semesters. The credits are by the Credit Accumulation and Transfer Scheme (CATS calculated). The points are awarded for presentations, exams and essays, among other things.
In England and Wales, at the end of their undergraduate studies, students usually receive the Bachelor with Honors, which is linked to the UK grading system, and the final grade: from the First Class Honors Degree for excellence to the Third Class Honors Degree.
Other UK degrees
In addition to the Bachelor’s degree, the study system in Great Britain has several country-specific undergraduate degrees: the Foundation Degree, the Certificate of Higher Education, the Diploma of Higher Education and the Higher National Diploma.
Masters degree in Great Britain
In the postgraduate section, students at most universities acquire a master’s degree within one year. In Great Britain a general distinction is made between the Taught Master and the Master by Research or Master of Research. In addition, several renowned British universities offer the opportunity to place students in subject-specific degrees such as an MBA or an LLM.
Doctor of Philosophy (PHD)
The highest degree British universities can award is the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). It is usually acquired by writing an extensive research paper and then giving it an oral defense. On average, it takes students in the UK between three and five years to complete their doctoral thesis. The prerequisite for the PhD program is an excellent research-oriented bachelor’s degree or a masterí»s degree.
Further postgraduate degrees in the UK
In addition, also in the Postgraduate -Studienabschnitt Certificates and Diplomas awarded. They can be acquired in just a few months and serve to deepen the knowledge acquired in the bachelor’s degree and to further professional qualifications. In some cases, it is possible to have the achievements acquired in postgraduate studies credited towards a later masterí»s degree. However, this must be checked on a case-by-case basis.